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LLLI Center for Breastfeeding Information

Breastfeeding and Prevention of Obesity:

Compilation of Articles: 1975-2005

updated September 2005

September 2005

Harder T, Bergmann R, Kallischnigg G, Plagemann A. Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight: a meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Sep 1;162(5):397-403.Epub 2005 Aug 2.

September 2004

Institute of Medicine Fact Sheet. Parents Can Play a Role in Preventing Childhood Obesity.

July 2004

Lederman SA. Influence of lactation on body weight regulation. Nutr Rev. 2004 Jul;62(7 Pt 2):S112-9.

May 2004

Nommsen-Rivers L. More Evidence of the Protective Effect of Breastfeeding Against Childhood Obesity.

J Hum Lact. 2004 May;20(2):255-6.

August 2003

Krebs NF , Jacobson MS, AAP Committee on Nutrition. Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity. Pediatrics. 2003 Aug;112(2):424-30.

June 2003

Yanovski JA. Rapid weight gain during infancy as a predictor of adult obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jun;77(6):1350-1.

March 2003

Sothern MS, Gordon ST. Prevention of obesity in young children: a critical challenge for medical professionals. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2003 Mar;42(2):1001-11.

February 2003

Dewey KG. Is Breastfeeding Protective Against Child Obesity? J Hum Lact. 2003 Feb;19(1):9-18.


Locke R. Preventing obesity: the breast milk-leptin connection. Acta Paediatr. 2002;91(9):891-4.


Savino F, Costamagna M, Prino A, et al. Leptin levels in breast-fed and formula-fed infants. Acta Paediatr.


December 2002

Toschke AM, Vignerova J, Lhotska L, et al. Overweight and obesity in 6- to 14-year-old Czech Children in 1991: protective effect of breast-feeding. J Pediatr. 2002 Dec;141(6):764-9.

September 2002

Owen CG, Whincup PH, Odoki K, et al. Infant feeding and blood cholesterol: a study in adolescents and a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2002 Sep;110(3):597-608.

June 2002

Armstrong J, Reilly JJ; Child Health Information Team. “Breastfeeding and Lowering the Risk of Childhood Obesity. Lancet. 2002 Jun 8;359(9322):2003-4.

June 2002

Singhal A, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S, et al. Early nutrition and leptin concentrations in later life. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jun;75(6):993-9.

February 2002

Lindsay RS, Cook V, Hanson RL, et al. Early excess weight gain of children in the Pima Indian population. Pediatrics. 2002 Feb;109(2):E33.

May 2001

Gillman MW, Rifas-Shiman SL, Camargo CA Jr, et al. Risk of overweight among adolescents who were breastfed as infants. JAMA. 2001 May 16;285(19):2461-7.

February 2001

Butte NF . The role of breastfeeding in obesity. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 Feb;48(1):189-98.


von Kries R, Koletzko B, Sauerwald T, von Mutius E. Does breast-feeding protect against childhood obesity? Adv Exp Med Biol. 2000;478:29-39.

February 2000

Ucar B, Kirel B, Bor O, et al. Breast milk leptin concentrations in initial and terminal milk samples: relationships to maternal and infant plasma leptin concentrations, adiposity, serum glucose, insulin, lipid and lipoprotein levels. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Feb;13(2):149-56.

January 2000

Agostoni C. Breast Feeding and Childhood Obesity. Pediatr Res. 2000 Jan;47(1):3.

September 1999

Tulldahl J, Pettersson K, Andersson SW, Hulthen L. Mode of infant feeding and achieved growth in adolescence: early feeding patterns in relation to growth and body composition in adolescence.Obes Res. 1999 Sep;7(5):431-7.

July 1999

von Kries R, Koletzko B, Sauerwald T, et al. Breast feeding and obesity: cross sectional study. BMJ. 1999 Jul 17;319(7203):147-50.

June 1992

Zive MM, McKay H, Frank-Spohrer GC, et al. Infant-feeding practices and adiposity in 4-y-old Anglo- and Mexican-Americans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jun;55(6):1104-8.

May 1987

Agras WS, Kraemer HC, Berkowitz RI , et al. Does a Vigorous Feeding Style Influence Early Development of Adiposity? J Pediatr. 1987 May110(5):799-804.

July 1985

Kramer MS, Barr RG, Leduc DG, et al. Infant determinants of childhood weight and adiposity. J Pediatr. 1985 Jul;107(1):104-7.

June 1981

Kramer MS. Do breast-feeding and delayed introduction of solid foods protect against subsequent obesity? J Pediatr. 1981 Jun;98(6):883-7.

October 1979

Dubois S, Hill DE, Beaton GH. An Examination of Factors Believed to be Associated with Infantile Obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 1979 Oct;32(10):1997-2004.

March 1979

Saarinen UM, Siimes MA. Role of prolonged breast feeding in infant growth. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1979 Mar;68(2):245-50.

April 1975

Hall B. Changing Composition of Human Milk and Early Development of an Appetite Control. Lancet. 1975 Apr 5;1(7910):779-81.

Compiled by the Staff of the Center for Breastfeeding Information
Department of Education
La Leche League International
Carol Huotari, IBCLC
Katy Lebbing, IBCLC

Page last edited .

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