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LLLI Center for Breastfeeding Information

WATER SUPPLEMENTATION:
Why it's not wanted for the breastfed baby

Selected Bibliography
November 2002

Aliperti LC & MacAvoy S. Effect of hospital breastfeeding practice changes on breastfeeding duration. J Perinat Ed 1996;5(3):21-27

Almroth S. Breast is best…but breast alone is best of all. Cajanus 1992;25(4):185-87

Almroth SG. Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. Am J Clin Nutr 1978-7;31:1154-57

Almroth S & Bidinger PD. No need for water supplementation for exclusively breast-fed infants under hot and arid conditions. Trans RS Trop Med Hyg 1990;84:602-04

Arifeen S et al. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces acute respiratory infection and diarrhea deaths among infants in Dhaka slums. Pediatrics 2001-10;108(4):e67

ARTAG, Exclusive breastfeeding. Dialogue on Diarrhea 1992-6;49:2

ARTAG, Extra drinks are unnecessary. Dialogue on Diarrhea 1992-6;49:3

Brown KH et al. Milk consumption and hydration status of exclusively breast-fed infants in a warm climate. J Pediatr 1986;108(1):677-80

Butte NF et al. Human milk intake and growth in exclusively breast-fed infants. J Pediatr 1984;104(2):187-95

Cohen RJ et al. Promoting exclusive breastfeeding for 4-6 months I Honduras: Attitudes of mothers and barriers to compliance. J Hum Lact 1999;15(1):9-18

Cohen RJ et al. Exclusively breastfed, low birthweight term infants do not need supplemental water. Acta Paediatr 2000-5;89(5):550-52

Ekoe T & Takang JE-EB. Water supplementation in exclusively breastfed infants aged 0-6 months in hot and arid areas: The case of Meri-Maroua in Cameroon. Technologies for Primary Health Care Project/ USAID 1991-10;n:1-55

Elliott K. Exclusive breastfeeding…and extra drinks. Dialogue on Diarrhea 1992-12;51:8

Eregie CO. Observations on certain factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding. Int Child Health 1997-10;VIII(4):45-48

Glover J & Sandilands M. Supplementation of breastfeeding infants and weight loss in hospital. J Hum Lact 1990-12;6(4):163-66

Goldberg NM & Adams E. Supplementary water for breast-fed babies in a hot and dry climate-not really a necessity. Arch Dis Child 1983-1;58(1):73-74

Hossain MM et al. Prelacteal infant feeding practices in rural Egypt. J Trop Pediatr 1992-12;38(6):317-22

Linkages, Academy for Educational Development. Exclusive breastfeeding: The only water source young infants need. Linkages FAQ Sheet 5 2002-10:1-4

Mackie EJ. Water supplementation of breast-fed infants in Ghana. (letter) Lancet 1991-7-27;338(8761):251

Martin-Calama J et al. The effect of feeding glucose water to breastfeeding newborns on weight, body temperature, blood glucose, and breastfeeding duration. J Hum Lact 1997-9;13(3):209-13

Naylor AJ et al. Oral water intoxication (letter). Am J Dis Child 92-8;146:893

Nienhuis BJ et al. Is supplemental water necessary for breast-fed babies? Clin Pediatr 1990-11;29(11):669

Perez-Escamilla R et al. Prelacteal feeds are negatively associated with breast-feeding outcomes in Honduras. J Nutrition 1996;126:2769-73

Portoian-Shuhaiber S. Infantile diarrhoea due to water complementation of breast and bottle feeding. Arch Dis Child 1986;61,1215-18

Sachdev HPS et al. Water supplementation in exclusively breastfed infants during summer in the tropics. Lancet 91-4-20;227(8747):929-33

Scariati PD et al. Water supplementation of infants in the first month of life. Arch Ped Adolesc Med 97-8; 151:820-32

VanDerslice J et al. Drinking-water quality, sanitation, and breast-feeding: their interactive effects on infant health. Bul WHO 1994;72(4):589-601

WHO. Breast-feeding and the use of water and teas. CDC Update. 91-8;9:1-4

Zimmerman DR & Bernstein WR. Standing feeding orders in a well-baby nursery: "Water, water everywhere…" J Hum Lact 1996-9;12(3):189-92

Compiled by Carol Huotari IBCLC, Manager
Center for Breastfeeding Information
La Leche League International

Page last edited .


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